|Fire is traditionally used by the shifting cultivators and small-scale farmers as a tool for clearing land in the Southeast asian region. In recent years, fire has increasingly been used by large plantations to clear land and for conversion of forest into plantations and agricultural land. In time of drought, the fires may go out of control, resulting in severe damage to the forest and the surrounding region.
The 1997/98 forest fire episode in Southeast Asia has attracted international attention. The fires which occurred primarily in the Sumatra and Borneo islands and aggravated by the drought due to the El Nino Southern Oscillation phenomenon, resulted in increased aerosol loading (smoke-haze) over the region. The economic damage resulting from the haze has been reported to be in the range of billions of dollars. Millions of hectares of land/forest have been burnt. The environmental impacts of the fires include the loss of biodiversity, loss of forests as carbon sinks and emission of greenhouse gases which may influence the global climatic systems.
In response to this situation, daily fire monitoring operation of the region using full-resolution SPOT images has been carried out at CRISP, in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, Singapore. CRISP has also acquired many SPOT, ERS and RADARSAT images of the areas affected by fires.
This web page provides links to other pages describing the daily fire monitoring operation and other fire-related research activities in CRISP.
Die Adresse: http://www.crisp.nus.edu.sg/forest_fire/fire.html